Divergent Evolution:

- When a species diverges over time into two different species, resulting in a species becoming less like the original one
- Live in different ways than the common ancestor
- Caused by migration or nearby extinction of a nearby environment
- Prime example are the dinosaurs

Both the wooly mammoth and the elephant originated from a common ancestor, but the common ancestor eventually diverged, and hence forth two new species were created in the process.
Both the wooly mammoth and the elephant originated from a common ancestor, but the common ancestor eventually diverged, and hence forth two new species were created in the process.



Convergent Evolution:

- When unrelated organisms evolve similarities when adapting to similar environments
- Live in the relatively same way as each other
- Emus, rheas, and ostriches are prime examples of convergent evolution

Although living in different parts of the world, these mammals are closely similar, due to living in similar environments.
Although living in different parts of the world, these mammals are closely similar, due to living in similar environments.




Significance
The importance of these types of evolution is generating variation, as well as species performing their niche in their environment. As every species has a role to play, these types of evolution ensure that these are carried out.